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The Latino Agricultural Entrepreneurship Project

What is the Latino Agricultural Entrepreneurship Project?

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The Latino Agricultural Entrepreneurship Project is designed to explore the needs of Latino farmers, to understand their unique livelihood strategies, and better prepare agencies to work with Latino farmers. The project is led by faculty from the University of Missouri, Michigan State University, and Iowa State University. This three-year integrated research and extension project will study the diversity of Latino agricultural livelihood strategies—from established farmers to emerging farmers, and those interested in becoming farmers—and the agricultural networks that support farming, to identify the capacities needed to improve access to existing knowledge and financial resources in Iowa, Michigan and Missouri.

Why this project is important

While the number of the nation’s farmers and total farmland are decreasing, there has been a growth in the number of Hispanic operators nationally and in the Midwest. It is important to the nation’s agricultural production to ensure a stable or growing population of farm operators with sustainable livelihoods, and Latino farm-entrepreneurs are a growing sector of that population.

Given the Latino population growth in the Midwest, and especially in rural areas, we seek to understand how Latinos move into farming, the nature of their connections to the existing institutions and organizations that support the agricultural system, and the particular capacity needs that must be addressed by key stakeholders to actively engage them. As the nation’s agricultural industry continues to undergo demographic changes, it is critical that we increase our understanding of how Latino farmers seek to improve the success of their farms and develop bridges to the resources they need to be successful.

Figure 1. National trends in number of farm operators and land dedicated to farming.

 

Total Farmers

Hispanic Farmers

Total Farmland

Average Farm Size

2007

2,205,000

82,462

922 million acres

441 acres

2012

2,109,303

99,734

915 million acres

434 acres

Percent change

-4.3%

+20.9%

-0.7%

-1.6%

What this project aims to do

In understanding the multiple strategies Latinos pursue in agriculture, and how the context of rural communities and supporting networks and institutions shape their agricultural entrepreneurship, we contribute to understanding how wealth creation activities promote the growth and sustainability of small and medium sized farms. We will develop a baseline of key opportunities and challenges service providers face serving Latinos by engaging them in focus groups. Case studies, focus groups and a household survey with Latino farmers/entrepreneurs will help us understand the role of agricultural entrepreneurship in the livelihood strategies of Latinos, their networks of support, and their relations with mainstream organizations in agriculture. The Agriculture Entrepreneurship Readiness Tool will be developed from this research and tested with service providers and Latino farmers to determine how the tool adjusts to different contexts. The extension objective addresses training needs of service providers in the field, tools to serve established and emerging Latino farmers, and the need to connect stakeholders to communities of practice across the Midwest.

Latino Agricultural
   Entrepreneurship Project

       - Objectives
       - Models & Methods
       - Project Sites
       - Research Team
       - Publications

 

This project was supported by Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Competitive Grant no. 2016-68006-25210 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture.

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